Afnan Zafar, PhD

Dr. Afnan Zafar works as a business developer and Research Development and Innovation (RDI) Specialist at Gimara since 2017. He is also working as an RDI Specialist at LAB University of Applied Sciences. He has Post-Doc from Sweden and a PhD in Product Development and Innovations from Finland. Afnan is able to take a holistic approach in innovating throughout the lifecycle of any product and service development. Afnan is responsible for various Research Development and Innovation activities and conducting various workshops at Gimara world.
foto Afnan Zafar



Zafar A. (2022) Survival of Fittest: Open Innovation and Product Development Linkages. In: Ahram T., Taiar R. (eds) Human Interaction, Emerging Technologies and Future Systems V. IHIET 2021. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 319. Springer, Cham.

Kouzi, A., Zafar, A. & Ahola, M. 2021. Perhosefekti – Koulu monikulttuurisena työpaikkana ja yhteiskunnan kulttuurisen moninaisuuden haasteen peilinä. LAB RDI Journal. Retrieved:

Zafar, A. & Ahola, M. 2021. Human-Artificial Systems Collaboration in Service Innovation and Social Inclusion. Will be published in book Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Intelligent Human Systems Integration: Integrating People and Intelligent Systems (IHSI 2021). Springer Nature. Virtual Conference, February 22-24, 2021. Retrieved:

Lozano, R., Barreiro‐Gen, M., & Zafar, A. (2021). Collaboration for organizational sustainability limits to growth: Developing a factors, benefits, and challenges framework. Sustainable Development. Retrieved:

Sköld, A. M. et al. 2021. Innovative suppliers knowledge integration and digitization. MGMT of Innovation and Technology 1 (March 2021), 3. Innovation & idégenerering. Retrieved:

Zafar, A. (2021, February). The Openness of Open Innovation in the Product Development Process. In International Conference on Intelligent Human Systems Integration (pp. 685-690). Springer, Cham. Retrieved:

Zafar, A. (2020). Reasons for outsourcing innovations and its effect on firm performance: Evidence from highly innovative firms from twenty countries. Technium Soc. Sci. J., 13, 305. Retrieved:

Barreiro-Gen, M., Lozano, R. & Zafar, A. (2020). Changes in Sustainability Priorities in Organisations due to the COVID-19 Outbreak: Averting Environmental Rebound Effects on Society. Sustainability, 12 (12). Retrieved:

Zafar, A. & Ahola, M. 2019. The odyssey of obtaining a student visa for Finland. Acrticle in Retrieved:

Zafar, A. 2019 Revamping the employability of highly skilled immigrants in Finland. Publications of the Migration Institute 4/2029. Retrieved:

Zafar, A. 2019. Is the shortage of talent in Finland real or just a myth? Acrticle in Retrieved:

Zafar, A. & Ahola, M. 2019. LAB: Boosting Startup and SME Ecosystems in the South Karelia and Päijät-Häme Regions. Lamk PUB. Retrieved:

Ahola, M. & Zafar, A. 2019. Merging and Collaboration of Educational Institutes: New dimension of Open Innovation. LAMK Pro. Retrieved:

Ahola, M., & Zafar, A. 2020. Relationship Between Frugal and Inclusive Innovation and Digital Employment Solutions (DES): A Review. In International Conference on Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies (pp. 398-403). Springer, Cham. Retrieved:

Ahola, M., Haikala, R. & Zafar, A. 2019. Access to study and employment is a challenge for high educated students. In Finnish. Lamk PUB. Retrieved:

Ahola, M., Haikala, R. & Zafar, A. 2019. Accessible Language learning Online. Conference: 12th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation Seville (Spain). 11th – 13th of November, 2019.At: Seville, Spain. IATED Digital Library. ISSN: 2340-1095. Retrieved: